Amendment Act 2018
Constitution Act, 2019 –
It introduced economic reservation by amending Articles 15 and 16. It inserted Article 15(6) and Article 16(6) in the constitution to allow reservation for the economically backward in the reserved category. It was enacted to promote the welfare of the poor not covered by the 50% reservation policy for SCs, STs, and socially and Educationally Backward Classes ( SEBC). In 2019 the government announces a 10% reservation in educational institutions and government jobs for economically weaker sections of the general category.
The economically weaker section in India is a subcategory of people belonging to the Economy based un-reserved category having an annual family income of less than eight lakh and who do not belong to any category such as SC/ST/OBC across India, nor MBC in Tamil Nadu. and fulfills the EWS economic criteria to be part of the EWs category. A candidate who does not fall under SC/ST/OBC. It provides reservations for – People who have an annual income of less than rupees eight lakhs. People who own less than five acres of farmland.
People who have a house lesser than 1,000 sq feet in a town ( or 100 sq yards in a notified municipal area). What are the significances of the EWS quota? Currently, the economically weaker sections of citizens have remained excluded from attending higher educational institutions and public employment due to their financial incapacity. Therefore, the 10% quota is progressive and could address the issues of educational and income inequality in India. The proposed reservation through a constitutional amendment would give constitutional recognition to the poor from the upper castes.
Once the quota comes into effect, job aspirants from a general category would get similar relaxations given to OBCs. Moreover, it will gradually remove the stigma associated with reservation because reservation has historically been related with come through the reservation.
So, Friends, this was all about the Amendment Act 2018. I hope you understand well.