The 8th Constitutional Amendment is totally about the Reservation which is given in Article 44 of the Indian Constitution. Then Provision about the reservation was also added in Articles 15(1) and 16. Like that the process of the reservation was completed. Now we will see here the 8th Constitutional Amendment which is also talk about the Reservation.
STATEMENTS OF OBJECTS AND REASONS OBJECTS AND REASONS of the 8th Constitutional Amendment
Amended Article 334 of the Constitution in order to extend the period of reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and representation of the Anglo – Indians in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies for ten years, i.e. up to 26 January 1970.
Article 334 in The Constitution Of India 1949
334. Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after forty years Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part , the provisions of Constitution relating to ( a ) the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States ; and (b) the representation of the Anglo Indian community in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States by nomination , shall cease to have effect on the expiration of a period of forty years from the commencement of this Constitution : Provided that nothing in this article shall affect any representation in the House of the People or in the legislative Assembly of a State until the dissolution of the then existing House or Assembly, as the case may be.
- Article 334 had stipulated that the reservation of seats should expire within a period of ten years from the commencement of the Constitution (i.e. 26 January 1960).
•Amendment of article 334. – In article 334 of the Constitution, for the words ” ten years ” the words “ twenty years ” shall be substituted.
• The 8th Constitutional Amendment extended the period for reservations to 1970 .
• The period of reservation was extended to 1980 , 1990 , 2000 , 2010 , 2020 and 2030 by the 23rd , 45th , 62nd , 79th , 95th and 104th Amendments respectively .
The following Act of Parliament , after having been ratified by the Legislatures of not less than one – half of the States by resolutions to that effect , received the assent of the President on the 18th January , 2010 , and is hereby published for general information :
THE CONSTITUTION ( NINETY – FIFTH AMENDMENT ) ACT , 2009
[ 18th January , 2010. ]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India . Be it enacted by Parliament in the Sixtieth Year of the Republic of India as follows :
1. ( 7) This Act may be called the Constitution ( Ninety – Fifth Amendment ) Act , 2009
( 2 ) It shall come into force on the 25th day of January , 2010 .
2. In article 334 of the Constitution , for the words ” sixty years ” , the words ” seventy Amendment of years ” shall be substituted.
Anglo Indian Representation To Lok Sabha , State Assemblies Done Away ; SC – ST Reservation Extended For 10 Years : Constitution ( 104th Amendment) Act To Come Into Force On 25 th Jan.
THE CONSTITUTION ( ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTH AMENDMENT ) ACT , 2019
[ 21st January , 2020. ]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India .
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Seventieth Year of the Republic of India as follows:
1. (1) This Act may be called the Constitution ( One Hundred and Fourth Amendment) Act, 2019.
( 2 ) It shall come into force on the 25th day of January 2020 .
2. In article 334 of the Constitution ,
( a ) for the marginal heading , the following marginal heading shall be substituted, namely :
” Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after a certain period “