What is Section 420 of IPC?
In today’s era, Section 420 is very famous and Section 420 in itself has become abusive. Like a person is going, and if we tell him that he is 420 (charso bis ) then it is an abuse for him and he will consider it as an abuse to himself. So generally who commits fraud, the person who cheats is called 420 (charso bisi).
There was also a movie of Raj Kapoor whose name was Shree 420. Section 420 is a very famous Section of IPC which all of you must know. Know I would like to tell you Section 420 of IPC in detail,
Section 420- Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property.—Whoever cheats and thereby dishonestly induces the person deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to make, alter or destroy the whole or any part of valuable security, or anything which is signed or sealed, and which is capable of being converted into a valuable security, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
The offence is cognizable and falls under the category of Non-Bailable in IPC section 420. It is triable by Magistrate of the First Class and therefore FIR or Application u/s 156(3) CRPC or Private Complaint u/s 200 may be preferred.
This Section is given the Law language. It is very complicated to understand that is why I will explain it to you in very simple language.
First thing is to deceive someone, what is cheating, and what is deception? let me explain it with an example. EXAMPLE:- A man named A shows the pieces of glass to a person named B, and the person named A assures the person named B that it is diamonds therefore trusting on the person named A person themed B buys those pieces at the price of the diamond. Whenever the person named B after few days came to know that it is not a diamond, it is a piece of glass, which means he has been deceived/cheated. Here the first thing is he was cheated, he was cheated, and secondly induced to give him property. It is crime, this is called Fraud, Cheating. Let me tell you that there is punishment for Seven years for this crime U/S 420 of IPC.
Nowadays it is also heard a lot like, you must have got a call that your ATM is closed and give your bank details/document details through which we can get your ATM activated. One more kind of call comes these days in which they say that you have got lottery so mail your documents to us through which you can put money in your account. When someone is looking for online jobs, there are also lots of fraudsters, whoever is in front of there, he says that if you have got your job, then you will have to first register for Rs. 1000/- after that your job will be confirmed.
So like if you ever get a call and the person in front tells you that your ATM is blocked, then you should calmly say that it is okay. I will go to the bank tomorrow and get my atm activated.
is your breath stuck in the ATM, that you have to get the ATM start now?
And if someone tells you on the call that you have got a lottery of 10 crores, then calmly tell him to thank you very much. To give us this information, then tell us where to come to get money. Why do you need to give him your account details?
So if you use a little intelligence at such a time, then there will never be a fraud with you.
And if someone is doing this who is forcing you to provide more documents or account details and ask you for any such information which he can later convert into the valuable property or is demanding money from you., by keeping you in fraud and keeping you in deception, then at such a time, he is committing the crime of 420. Such a person can be punished with imprisonment of up to 7 years under section 420 of the IPC.